•The homework-check system (with the dance party reward) seen on the video is one of a number of reinforcement systems in this teacher’s classroom. Those include a Star Student system in which students start out with twenty points and lose them for off-task or unproductive actions that do not lead to the big goal. Students can earn points back if they are "caught doing something good," including working hard. At the end of the week, students can cash in those points for various prizes and students who have twenty points are Star Students of the week, earning lunch with the teacher on Monday.
•Justin also uses single-student praise extensively. He praises students as often as necessary to keep his students motivated and working hard and calls homes to congratulate hard work, first by talking to the students and then by talking to the parents.
•Other systems of reinforcement for effort are a "book club" in which students earn the right to take books home if they worked hard and read books (at their reading level) during class and a "Scorer's Club" after school (during which he leads students in learning activities) for students who master objectives and work hard in class. Justin explains that the Scorer's Club was created because higher performing students were feeling left out because he was having students who needed extra help stay after school.
•Justin recognizes achievement of academic benchmarks and mastery of objectives in weekly progress reports. Justin's on-computer grade-book prints out grades and achievement in a cumulative presentation so students can see their accomplishments and their improvement. Justin makes a special effort to recognize publicly those students who showed great improvement and effort. Although he does pass out progress reports every week, he does not always turn it into a public celebration. Students also track their own progress by posting on a grid the stickers they received for accomplishing each objective. The stickers are highly valued by students.
•Justin also has a whole-class system of reward so that "whenever the whole class is doing something that leads to the big goal-working hard, following directions, etc.," he moves the class up on the "Path to Success."
•When Justin administers rewards, he often explicitly connects the celebrations back to the class motto: Work hard = get smart. He highlights how the hard work leads to success.
Overall rating: Three AP ratings equal an overall AP rating.
Chooses a small set of sound reinforcements for all situations
Chooses a variety of appealing reinforcements to reach a range of students, based on an understanding of students and depending on the situation
Chooses reinforcements based on the needs of individual students and situations
Reinforcement system recognizes basic academic effort (e.g., class participation, homework completion, etc.) and mastery of a well-defined absolute bar
Reinforcement system recognizes significant academic effort (e.g., studying hard and making incremental gains) and mastery of a well-defined absolute bar
Reinforcement system recognizes effort in proportion to students? individual accomplishments
Consistently provides reinforcement at regular intervals and sometimes conveys the meaning of the reinforcements as a celebration of progress toward the goal
Provides reinforcements appropriately and flexibly so that they are delivered only at purposeful intervals, and almost always conveys the meaning of the reinforcements as a celebration of progress toward the goal to maximize impact and lead to intrinsic motivation
Provides reinforcements appropriately and flexibly so that they are only delivered as often as necessary to supplement students? intrinsic motivation, always conveys the meaning of the reinforcements as a celebration of progress toward the goal, and teaches students how to reinforce their own performance
Rating: APStrand 1: The teacher’s selection of extrinsic reinforcements.
Rating: APStrand 2: The scale (moving from generic and absolute to individualized and relative) the teacher uses to reinforce achievement.
Rating: APStrand 3: The strategic timing and consistency with which the teacher reinforces students’ efforts.