Beginning proficiency level: 2nd Grade

 

Support materials:
Video clip #202
Conversation with Evaluator

Overall rating & analysis

Overall rating: One BP rating and two N ratings equal an overall N rating.

Beginning

Advanced

Exemplary

Strand 1: The teacher’s selection of extrinsic reinforcements.

Chooses a small set of sound reinforcements for all situations

Chooses a variety of appealing reinforcements to reach a range of students, based on an understanding of students and depending on the situation

Chooses reinforcements based on the needs of individual students and situations

Strand 2: The scale (moving from generic and absolute to individualized and relative) the teacher uses to reinforce achievement.

Reinforcement system recognizes basic academic effort (e.g., class participation, homework completion, etc.) and mastery of a well-defined absolute bar

Reinforcement system recognizes significant academic effort (e.g., studying hard and making incremental gains) and mastery of a well-defined absolute bar

Reinforcement system recognizes effort in proportion to students? individual accomplishments

Strand 3: The strategic timing and consistency with which the teacher reinforces students’ efforts.

Consistently provides reinforcement at regular intervals and sometimes conveys the meaning of the reinforcements as a celebration of progress toward the goal

Provides reinforcements appropriately and flexibly so that they are delivered only at purposeful intervals, and almost always conveys the meaning of the reinforcements as a celebration of progress toward the goal to maximize impact and lead to intrinsic motivation

Provides reinforcements appropriately and flexibly so that they are only delivered as often as necessary to supplement students? intrinsic motivation, always conveys the meaning of the reinforcements as a celebration of progress toward the goal, and teaches students how to reinforce their own performance

 

Analysis: Why did the teacher receive these ratings?

Rating: BPStrand 1: The teacher’s selection of extrinsic reinforcements.

Why BP?

  • The teacher "chooses a small set of sound reinforcements" to reinforce effort toward the big goal. For example, she uses the "Road to Third Grade" system to reward groups of three students who demonstrate mastery on the week's objectives. Also, based on the conversation with the evaluator, there is evidence that she uses verbal praise daily.
  • The sticker system is a form of behavior management (which would be evaluated in E-4) and is not considered a strategy for reinforcing "efforts toward the big goal."

Why not AP?

There is not evidence that the teacher "choose a variety of appealing reinforcements to reach a range of students, based on an understanding of students and depending on the situation."

Rating: BPStrand 2: The scale (moving from generic and absolute to individualized and relative) the teacher uses to reinforce achievement.

Why BP?

The "reinforcement system recognizes achievement of a well-defined, absolute bar." The teacher sets the clear expectation that whenever a group of three students masters all the objectives on a weekly quiz, they will "move forward a step." Also, the teacher reinforces "basic effort" with the daily verbal praise.

Why not AP?

The reinforcement system does not recognize "significant academic effort (e.g., studying hard and making incremental gains).

Rating: BPStrand 3: The strategic timing and consistency with which the teacher reinforces students’ efforts.

Why BP?

The teacher "consistently provides reinforcement at regular intervals and sometimes conveys the meaning of the reinforcements as a celebration of progress toward the goal." She updates the "Road to Third Grade" every Monday following the Friday quiz. She also provides verbal praise on a daily basis.

Why not AP?

The teacher does provide "reinforcement appropriately." Although she does not provide excessive reinforcement for minimal achievement, she also does not provide reinforcements "flexibly so that they are delivered only at purposeful intervals."