Possible reasons for this:

  • My students are not comprehending the material or, conversely, they’re feeling bored.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • Many students are unable to provide answers when called on, and/or their assessments indicate a lack of understanding.
    • Misbehavior is a serious and chronic issue in my classroom.
  • Students don’t seem engaged by the way I’m presenting the material.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • I sometimes find myself feeling bored during a lesson (if I'm bored, students probably are, too!).
    • I do a video or audio recording of myself teaching, then listen to it later and think, "Oh no! I sound like the teacher in Ferris Bueller's Day Off!"
    • As I present material, I see student engagement visibly drop over time--eyes glazing over, etc.
    • I give an anonymous students survey, and students indicate that my presentation style is not holding their attention.
  • My students are not sure that what they’re learning in my classroom is important to their lives.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • Students say (or act like) learning isn't relevant to them.
    • If I were to ask an average-performing student why what he or she is learning is valuable, the answer would not be readily forthcoming.
  • My students doubt their ability to succeed in our class.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • Students give up easily when they are struggling with their work.
    • Students say things like "I can't do it," "I'll never get it," or "I'm not good at math."
  • My classroom environment does not sufficiently foster self-worth, compassion, shared responsibility or academic risk-taking.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • Students sometimes criticize or make fun of each other in my class.
    • Some students are reluctant to answer questions in front of their peers.
    • Students do not actively support and encourage one another.
  • My students’ families and other influencers haven’t been sufficiently encouraged to engage in our work.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • My students feel like I have no connection to their families or communities outside of school.
    • It's been a long while since I communicated with my students' family members to update them on how their child is doing in school.
  • My students don’t feel that their efforts toward the big goal are sufficiently recognized or rewarded.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • I tend to praise/reward high achievement more than reward growth and improvement.
    • My students don't seem to find my rewards very appealing or motivating.
  • My classroom management systems are not working well enough.

    This is your underlying reason if:

    • My students have difficulty describing the classroom rules, consequences, and procedures and explaining why they are important.
    • My class is wasting time due to misbehavior and/or inefficient classroom procedures.
    • My responses to misbehavior often don't seem to accomplish anything.

What you can do